With the recently released Windows 10 build 14316, which is part of the upcoming Anniversary Update, Microsoft introduced a new Linux command line shell "bash" to Windows. It allows running console Linux apps. Microsoft claims that the Linux subsystem is a native implementation which makes it faster than any virtual machine. But unlike a Linux virtual machine instance, the bash console of Windows 10 doesn't allow you to run Linux GUI apps out-of-the-box. Here is how to bypass this limitation so you can run X server graphical apps.
On Linux and other UNIX-like operating systems, there is an X windowing system which provides the basic framework for a GUI environment. There is a third party Win32 (desktop) app for Windows called Xming X Server. It implements an X server session inside the Windows operating system. Once you install it, you can tell Ubuntu Bash to use it as the primary X display. Here is how.
How to run Linux GUI apps on Windows 10 in Bash
- Point your browser to the following page and download Xming X Server for Windows.
- Download and install the app, which has version 184.108.40.206 as of this writing.
- Start the Xmin X Server app. It will appear in the notification area (system tray).
- Now, open Bash on Ubuntu as described HERE and install some GUI app. For example, let's try with the lightweight "Galculator" app, which is just a GTK+ calculator.
Type the following command:
apt-get install galculator
- Now, to launch the Galculator app, type the following:
Voila, you have a Linux calculator app running on your Windows 10 computer.
That's it! Credits for this trick go to this reddit.
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