In Windows 8 and Windows 8.1, the Start Screen is designed as the touchscreen-friendly Start menu replacement. It allows you to customize its layout as you want. You can pin and unpin your favorite apps and documents as tiles there, in the order you want. Once you have organized your Start screen layout according to your personal preferences, you might want to backup the layout for further use, e.g. to use it again after a re-install of Windows. Here's how you can back up the customized layout that you have.
In Windows 8 RTM, every single installed app's EXE was pinned automatically to the Start screen, creating a real mess of random icons splattered all across the Start Screen in no logical order or groups. Thankfully, in Windows 8.1, Microsoft has changed this behavior. Windows 8.1 does not pin anything automatically, so you are able to keep your Start Screen well organized.
The Start screen keeps almost all data related to pinned apps and tiles in the following file:
You need to backup this file. To do that,
1. Locate the appsFolder.itemdata-ms file
To locate the appsFolder.itemdata-ms file, you may also use the following trick:
- Press Win+R keys together on your keyboard. The "Run" dialog will be displayed on the screen.
- Type the following:
Tip: You can get the full list of shell commands from here: The full list of shell commands in Windows 8.
2. Exit Explorer:
Before you leave the Explorer shell, open an elevated command prompt and type:
cd /d %LocalAppData%\Microsoft\Windows\
To exit the Explorer shell, use the secret "Exit Explorer" context (right-click) menu item on the Taskbar or Start Menu, which is described well in my following article: "How to properly restart the Explorer shell in Windows".
3. Create a backup of your Start Screen layout
Enter the following command in the elevated command prompt window:
copy appsFolder.itemdata-ms c:\backup\*.*
Replace the path (c:\backup) with the actual path on your PC. If your path contains spaces, include it in quotes, i.e.:
copy appsFolder.itemdata-ms "c:\my backup\*.*"
That's it. Now you have a backup of your Start screen layout.
Run Explorer again. Press Ctrl + Shift + Esc keys together on your keyboard. It will open the Task Manager. Choose File -> Run new task and type explorer in the 'Create new task' dialog:
4. Restore backup of your Start screen layout
After you reinstall your OS, you will be able to restore the Start screen layout quickly. You need to perform these simple steps:
- Open an elevated command prompt.
- Exit explorer.
- Enter the following command:
copy /y c:\backup\appsFolder.itemdata-ms "%LocalAppData%\Microsoft\Windows\appsFolder.itemdata-ms"
- Start Explorer again.
Now, when you open the Start screen, you will see your previous customized Start screen layout. It is also possible to transfer it between multiple PCs.