How to Change Power Button Action in Windows 10

In Windows 10, it is possible to set the default action for the hardware power button of your PC or laptop. When you press it, the operating system can perform one of the following actions: do nothing, shut down, turn off the display, sleep, or hibernate. Let's see how to configure this feature.

In Windows 10, the hardware power button action is connected with the current power plan, so the user can configure it separately for each power plan available in the OS. The configuration can be done with the classic Control Panel, using the Power Options applet, or with the console tool powercfg. We will review all of these methods.

Change Power Button Action with Control Panel

To change the hardware power button action in Windows 10 using the Control Panel, do the following.

  1. Open Control Panel.
  2. Go to Control Panel\Hardware and Sound\Power Options.
  3. On the left, click the link Choose what the power buttons do.
  4. In the drop down list When I press the power button, select the desired action. If you are using a laptop, configure this option for both "On battery" and "Plugged in".

Change Power Button Action in Power Options

The classic Power Options applet can be used to set the desired action for the hardware shutdown button. Here is how.

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Go to System - Power & sleep.
  3. On the right, click on the link Additional power settings.
  4. In the next window, expand Power buttons and lid -> Power button action. Select the desired action.

Change Power Button Action with powercfg

There is a built-in tool in Windows 10, powercfg. This console utility can adjust many parameters related to power management. For example, powercfg can be used:

Powercfg can be used to set the desired action for the hardware power button. Here is how.

  1. Open a command prompt.
  2. Type or copy-paste the following command:
    powercfg -setacvalueindex SCHEME_CURRENT 4f971e89-eebd-4455-a8de-9e59040e7347 7648efa3-dd9c-4e3e-b566-50f929386280 THE_DESIRED_ACTION

    To find the required "THE_DESIRED_ACTION" value, see the Note below.
    This will set the desired action for the hardware power button when your device is plugged in.
    To set the same when on battery, execute

    powercfg -setdcvalueindex SCHEME_CURRENT 4f971e89-eebd-4455-a8de-9e59040e7347 7648efa3-dd9c-4e3e-b566-50f929386280 THE_DESIRED_ACTION
  3. Activate the changes you made with the command:
    powercfg -SetActive SCHEME_CURRENT

Note: In the command above, you need to replace the THE_DESIRED_ACTION portion with one of the following values.
0 - Do nothing
1 - Sleep
2 - Hibernate
3 - Shut down
4 - Turn off the display.

Tip: The SCHEME_CURRENT identifier makes powercfg modify the current power plan. If you need to modify another power plan instead of the current one, you need to use its identifier. To find the required identifier, run the following command:

powercfg /L

Then the modification command will looks as follows:
When plugged in:

powercfg -setacvalueindex GUID 4f971e89-eebd-4455-a8de-9e59040e7347 7648efa3-dd9c-4e3e-b566-50f929386280 Index

When on battery:

powercfg -setdcvalueindex GUID 4f971e89-eebd-4455-a8de-9e59040e7347 7648efa3-dd9c-4e3e-b566-50f929386280 Index

The next command sets the action "Do nothing" for the High performance power plan when plugged in.

powercfg -setacvalueindex 8c5e7fda-e8bf-4a96-9a85-a6e23a8c635c 4f971e89-eebd-4455-a8de-9e59040e7347 7648efa3-dd9c-4e3e-b566-50f929386280 0

That's it.

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2 thoughts on “How to Change Power Button Action in Windows 10

  1. Paul

    Would there be a way to activate the windows start menu with the power button? I believe the surface pro did this at one time.

    Reply

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