When Windows 8 was released, many users who installed it got confused: there was no Start menu, and shutdown options were buried several clicks inside the Charms (which also is hidden by default). Unfortunately, Windows 8.1 is not a significant improvement in this regard, but it has some improvements to usability. Let's discover all the possible ways to shutdown, reboot and logoff in Windows 8.1
Option one: Charms The Charms appear on the right side of the screen. The Settings charm (Win+I) contains the power button which allows you to reboot, shutdown, sleep or hibernate your PC. To invoke Charms using the mouse, swipe from the top or bottom right corner of the screen towards the center of the right edge of the screen. The Charms will show: Click on the Settings icon. The Settings Charm will appear on the screen. Here you can access the Power button: As mentioned above, pressing Win+I to directly show the Settings charm is much faster. Press the Win+I keys together on the keyboard to do that.
Tip: If you are annoyed by the Charms hint showing when you point to the top or bottom right corners, you can disable the Charms hint without disabling the Charms completely. Please refer to the following article: How to disable the edge panels (Charms Bar and Switcher).
Option two: Classic Desktop and Alt+F4 When you are in the classic Desktop mode, click on an empty area of the Desktop and then press the ALT+F4 keys on the keyboard. This will bring the classic Shut Down Windows dialog. It contains a dropdown list where you can specify the desired action.
Tip: You can create a shortcut to the Shut Down Windows dialog which you can click using the mouse, so you don't have to use the keyboard. See how.
Option three: The Win+X menu In Windows 8.1, Shutdown options have been newly added to the Win+X menu. The Win+X menu, also known as "Power Users menu" will be displayed if you press Win+X keys together on the keyboard. In Windows 8.1, this menu also shows when you right click the Start button.
Tip: You can customize the Win+X menu using my freeware, Win+X Menu Editor. Using Win+X Menu Editor you will be able to add, remove or re-arrange Win+X menu items.
Option four: Slide to Shutdown feature This feature is there since the Windows 8.1 Preview. It is sometimes claimed as a "hidden secret" feature by some incompetent writers but there's nothing secret about it really, it's there for PCs and tablets with Connected StandBy. Connected Standby is a power management feature similar to what smartphones have. When you press and hold the power button, the Slide to Shutdown screen shows which you can drag to the bottom using the mouse or finger. Many Desktop PCs do not support the Connected Standby sleep state, and mine is not an exception either: Well, that just means that you can't invoke the Slide to Shutdown feature by pressing and holding down the power button. But nothing stops you from directly running the file at least in Windows 8.1:
Option five: good old command prompt Windows 8.1 includes the console application, shutdown.exe, which provides the following options: shutdown -L - sign out the currect user. shutdown -r -t 0 - reboot your PC. shutdown -s -t 0 - shutdown your PC. shutdown -h - hibernate your PC. shutdown -s -hybrid -t 0 - hybrid shutdown, which will prepare your PC for fast startup.